Distinctive Yarn from the Fleece of Hardy Sheep

The Hawkshaw Flocks


The Hawkshaw flocks were established by purchasing sheep from various rare breed markets across Scotland and North England. By buying breeding females, I’ve continued to grow my flock of attractive, quality livestock. I have been registering sheep under the Hawkshaw name since 2013.

Large, Open Hills

The Hawkshaw flocks live on a farm called Fingland, located in the stunning Tweed Valley within The Scottish Borders. The farm is based near the source of the river Tweed – upon 1,500 acres of high land. The farmhouse stands at 1,000ft above sea level, with the land rising to as high as 1800 ft. For this reason, the sheep in my flock have to be hardy and healthy. Throughout most of the year, the sheep are free to roam on the open hills. They are gathered approximately 4 times a year.

The Start of the Shepherd’s Year

The first gathering occurs in November. This is considered to be the beginning of the shepherd’s year. When the sheep are rounded up, they are provided with some medicinal treatments to keep them healthy and happy. This includes wormers, vitamins, and mineral supplements. After, the ewe lambs are taken away from their mothers. The mothers are then split into breeding groups, ready for the tups (rams) to be introduced. After the first gathering, the flock stays close to home. This is to ensure that the tups are mating with the ewes. Their stay lasts for just over 4 weeks, after which I remove the tups and release the ewes back onto the open hills.

Lambing Season

The sheep are next gathered in mid-to-late March. At this time, they are provided with a vaccination to protect them and their unborn lambs from clostridia, a bacterium that can be fatal to sheep. The sheep also take their routine doses of wormer, vitamins, and minerals. After this, the sheep are turned out into what are known as the hill parks. These are large, fenced-in areas of highland measuring roughly 200 acres each. When the sheep are within a few weeks of the first due date, they are brought in from the hill parks. Their udders are checked and those sheep which are closest to lambing are brought into the fields closer to the farm. The rest are released back into the hill parks. As the sheep in the fields lamb, the lambs are ear-tagged and their parentage is logged. Following this, they are released to the hill parks and more sheep close to lambing are brought into the fields. This process continues until all lambing is finished – usually in the middle or end of May.

Clipping the Fleeces

The next gathering is for clipping, which may take place any time between the end of June and the middle of July – depending on the weather. At this point, the lambs receive their first dose of wormer. Once the ewes have been clipped, they stay in the hill parks for a couple of weeks while they grow a covering of fleece. Then, every sheep receives a pour-on treatment to protect them from blowflies and ticks. At this stage, any unusable bits of fleece are taken away. The remaining fleece is rolled up and placed into wool bags, ready to be sorted thoroughly at a later date. Again, the ewes and lambs are released back onto the open hills.

Sorting the flock

The last routine gather is at the end of August, this is the time we separate the lambs from their mothers. First we sort through the ewes, and take out the oldest ewes, ours will be 6 years old, these ewes will be sold to someone that has lowland ground, as although our sheep are extremely hardy, the older girls deserve to live out their latter years somewhere that isn’t as harsh, they will still be capable of producing lambs for another 4 or 5 years. Next we sort out the lambs into male and female groups, and the females are then separated into Hebridean and Shetland groups, most of these sheep will be registered with the relevant breed society, but there may be some that do not meet the breed standards so these will be put in with the male sheep and turned out into a hill park, to be sold at a later date. The female lambs that we are retaining for breeding, have the tag numbers recorded, so we can fill in the registration papers for their pedigree certificates. They are then turned back out onto the hill with their Mothers until November, when the shepherds year begins again.